Depth Conversion and Velocity Modelling

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Depth Conversion & Velocity Modelling Package in Petrel and IHS Markit Kingdom

Velit uses an extensive library of industry-standard velocity modelling methods using well velocities or seismic processing velocities to build up a precise picture of the geological surfaces. It enables you to utilise a wide-ranging number of features to interrogate your data in many different ways, enhancing your operational efficiency, as well as your effective capability in producing a best technical case velocity model.

Depth conversion is an iterative pursuit, requiring you to try out a range of ideas to determine the best velocity modelling solution. Velit allows you to quickly see how different velocities and structural forms impact the depth of your targets.

The new Velit Wizard forms an excellent introduction to depth conversion techniques and the capabilities of the software and covers most depth conversion scenarios, allowing the user to depth convert layer by layer quickly and assists the user in understanding the velocity modelling methods available.

More complex depth conversions may still be performed using easy to use, extensive workflow system enabling fast data analysis and constrained, randomised multiple realisations for modelling depth uncertainty or extensive reservoir modelling that can produce a range of surface depth conversion results, all of which are valid and tie the well formation tops. Multiple realisations of depth and prospect volumetrics can be used to produce a probability distribution of proven, probable and possible reserves (P10/P50/P90).

Velit Profile module is used for handling complex geological scenarios when the geology cannot be represented by grids; handling multi-Z interpretation data (e.g. reverse faulting, salt intrusion etc.). Channels, pods etc. can be incorporated to model velocity anomalies (e.g. push down, shallow surface gas, gas seepage etc.)

Velit is branded as VelPAK within the IHS Markit Kingdom software. Functionality between Velit and VelPAK models are identical and projects generated in one can be viewed in the other and vice versa.

Velit Features

Velit 1.9 contains a large number of enhancements that enable the user to derive their best depth conversion techniques and uncertainty analysis as efficiently as possible.  New features allow automated cross-validation of methods and better visualisation of velocity functions.

Faster Uncertainty Analysis

The uncertainty analysis tools allow your best case depth conversion model to be randomised within known constraints to derive a range of probable realisations.  Ranges may now be provided in the Wizard as you derive the depth conversion method for each layer in the model.

Constraints for volumetric computations may now be entered in the Wizard interface, and displays for animation configured as you build the model.

Once the best case model is defined, a multi-realisation workflow may be generated at the click of a button.

The workflow may then be run in the Workflow module with the usual batch functions.  Workflows derived using this method also run significantly faster than the pre-built workflows.

For each realisation, crest and spill points may now be posted on the Surface map and are saved in the model for further analysis.

Area of accumulation & mean thickness are now also recorded.

Volumetrics & options to save grids and images to file have been added to the Wizard.

Combinations For Cross-Validation and Method Stability Analysis

Many depth conversion methods are reliant on well velocities, either in the form of sonic, check shot or apparent interval velocities.  The Combinations tools, driven from the Wizard module, allow you to assess the stability of these methods with varying number of wells using a “leave P-out” cross-validation scheme.  Such information can aid increasing confidence in your selected depth conversion techniques, or indicate where further analysis might be required.

Petrel Link
The Velit DE link now supports the following:

Point set data
Folders of polygons and faults
Survey collections
Improved GUI for ease of use
You can preview the layers in wells graphically prior to building the model, to save time locating absent or erroneously picked formation tops.

HiDef Tool

If you have good quality log data but no background velocity model, and dynamic background velocity model can be constructed from the well logs by means of robust regression, mean or median fit for each layer.

Improved Data Visualisation

The velocity functions determined for the model may now be plotted in the Well module (purple), enabling the user to quickly determine where the model is working and where it may require more attention.  Pseudo-wells computed from seismic velocities may also be overlain (green), in addition to the current user-defined overlay well option.

As you step through the wells, the corresponding pseudo-well is automatically updated.

Better Data Management

velit-1.7

Models can consume a lot of disk space.  You can now specify which content is saved in a new model using the new Save options on the Preferences tab.

New Tutorial Videos Available

Please refer to our YouTube channel to see the latest training tutorials. Please subscribe to receive notifications as content is added.

You can now use the Velit menu option Help > Explore to go directly to the written tutorial.

Minor Enhancements

Many minor enhancements and bug fixes have been made, including:

Ties between depth grids and formation tops are now calculated automatically after depth conversion (no need to manually use Well > Tie > Apply each time).

New compositional method for salt layering

Pseudo (or “stack”) wells may now be made from seismic velocities orthogonal to a nominated 3d survey

Well tops in highly deviated wells with sparse trajectory information are now positioned more accurately on the Surface mapPosting of XYZ data on the Surface map has been made more legible

You can preview the layers in wells graphically prior to building the model, to save time locating absent or erroneously picked formation tops

You can now copy data between different events in the model tree (right-click on the item)

The “Smooth” gridding algorithm has been improved